December 4, 2022

Chosen by us to get you up to speed at a glance
Elon Musk has disbanded Twitter’s entire office in Brussels after a row over the policing of the social network’s content in the bloc.
Julia Mozer and Dario La Nasa, who were in charge of Twitter’s digital policy in Europe, left the company last week, according to the Financial Times.
The executives were the driving force in getting the company to comply with the EU’s landmark Digital Services act, which came into force last week setting new rules for Big Tech firms to keep users safe online.
Other executives had already left the small Brussels office at the start of the month as Mr Musk sacked half of the company’s from 7,500 to around 3,750 in the weeks following his £38bn takeover. 
The Tesla and SpaceX chief executive had tweeted that "the bird is freed" after completing his acquisition of the platform. 
Shortly afterwards, European commissioner Thierry Breton issued a curt reminder of the EU’s content-moderation laws, saying: "In Europe, the bird will fly by our rules." 
Mr Musk had said that Twitter’s series of layoffs was over this week, as he launched a recruitment drive. 
That’s all from us today, but before you head off, here’s some of our top stories from the day for you to catch up on:
Adidas said it is launching an investigation into claims over how rapper Ye treated staff at his trainers brand, before the sportswear retailer pulled the partnership. 
It follows allegations made against Ye, formerly known as Kanye West, in Rolling Stone magazine, which reported that an anonymous letter had been sent to the company over claims the rapper had mistreated staff who worked on the Yeezy trainers line. Adidas has since terminated the partnership with Ye. 
A spokesman for Adidas said: “It is currently not clear whether the accusations made in an anonymous letter are true. However, we take these allegations very seriously and have taken the decision to launch an independent investigation of the matter immediately to address the allegations.”
Ye could not immediately be reached for comment. He has not responded to the allegations. 
Over in France, a top court has made what could be a landmark ruling to block employers from firing someone for not being fun enough.
As Henry Samuel in Paris writes:
Mr T, who has not been named, was a senior adviser for Cubik Partners, a Parisian management consultancy and training company that promises to “make management more humanist again while durably improving performance”.

The group said it manages to keep operational excellence training from becoming too dry and boring by applying a “fun and pro” approach.

In that spirit, it organised a host of social events for staff to bolster team spirit.

When Mr T refused to take part in these, the company – which also accused the ex-employee of being square and boring, difficult to work with and a poor listener – decided to fire him in 2015 on the grounds of “professional inadequacy” and because he lacked the party spirit it was seeking to promote.

However, Mr T argued that he simply did not share the company’s definition of “fun” and that he was entitled to “critical behaviour and to refuse company policy based on incitement to partake in various excesses”.

Seven years later, Paris’ Court of Cassation finally agreed with him.
Read more about the case here. 
Shoppers are facing shortages of iPhones over the Black Friday weekend as Apple reels from Covid lockdowns in China.
As James Warrington writes, analysts at Wedbush warned that demand for the new iPhone 14 was “way ahead” of supply leading up to the key discount shopping period.

They added that major shortages would continue in the run-up to Christmas.

Apple is battling a significant slowdown in production after tough new Covid restrictions prompted shutdowns at its factories in China.

The tech giant has been plunged into fresh chaos by a huge riot at Foxconn’s flagship iPhone factory in the country.

The unrest broke out at the plant in Zhengzhou after hundreds of workers marched out of their dormitories in a rare show of protest over working conditions and pay.
Hundreds of workers who deliver food to KFC, Burger King, Pizza Hut and Wagamama have voted to strike in a dispute over pay.
The GMB union said the majority of its members employed by Bestfood who voted were in favour of industrial action.
The union will announce strike dates soon.
GMB national officer Nadine Houghton said: "The parent companies of Bestfood – Booker and Tesco – are making serious money.
"Shareholders are trousering large dividends, while the people who do the graft are struggling to make ends meet.
"All these workers want is a pay deal that protects them from this crushing cost-of-living crisis.
"Now some of the best-known restaurants on the UK’s high streets will face shortages over Christmas."
The pound has continued its march against the dollar, tipping over $1.21 for the first time since the first half of August.
The 0.7pc increase today has not affected US stock markets, which are closed for the Thanksgiving holidays.
The pound has recovered all the losses made since the turmoil caused by Liz Truss’s mini-Budget.
I’m signing off for the night. My colleague Hannah Boland will take you from here.
A former Bank of England policymaker said the central bank overdid quantitative easing during the pandemic, without properly assessing whether it was needed. 
Gertjan Vlieghe, a member of the monetary policy committee from 2015 to 2021, made a critical contrast between the £450bn program launched in response to the Covid crisis and the recent Bank intervention to calm bond markets following former prime minister Liz Truss’s ill-fated mini-Budget.
"It was very clear that they were buying just the lowest amount needed to achieve some stabilization," he told a conference in London. 
"That was very different to the experience in the March 2020 episode when I was on the committee and we just bought gigantic amounts without feedback from the market. We just kept doing it, and doing it."
His comments echo those of the Bank’s chief economist Huw Pill, who earlier this month suggested that continuing stimulus during the pandemic was a mistake and contributed to the current sky-high inflation rate. 
Mr Pill was not a member of the Monetary Policy Committee at the time.
Rishi Sunak’s tax raid on oil and gas companies risks damaging investment in the North Sea, one of the basin’s largest drillers has warned. 
Our energy correspondent Rachel Millard has the details:
Amjad Bseisu, chief executive of Enquest, said the increase in the windfall tax on the sector was "particularly disappointing" at a time when ministers are also keen to boost power supplies and shift to cleaner energy.

However, he stressed Enquest remained "committed" to the North Sea as he announced a 5.2pc increase in overall group production, to 46,593 barrels of oil equivalent per day.

High oil and gas prices triggered by Russia’s war on Ukraine have led to a cost-of-living crisis, prompting Mr Sunak to increase the tax rate on North Sea producers, when he was chancellor in May.

Last week, his administration increased the windfall tax rate, from 25pc to 35pc, and extended its lifetime from 2025 to 2028. The Government is trying to find cash to help subsidise household energy bills and other spending.

The move means North Sea producers now face a total tax rate of 75pc, its highest so far and among the highest in the world.
Two of the world’s largest investment banks have been reportedly accused of enabling the sexual abuse of Jeffrey Epstein in a New York legal case.
The two lawsuits, filed separately in a New York court, said JPMorgan Chase and Deutsche Bank had "knowingly benefited and received things of value for assisting, supporting, facilitating, and otherwise providing the most critical service for the Jeffrey Epstein sex trafficking organization".
JPMorgan was accused in the suit of "financially benefiting from participating" in the alleged sex trafficking through providing financial support from 1998 to August 2013, the suit said. 
Deutsche Bank was accused of knowing that it would "earn million of dollars" from its relationship with Epstein.
The suit is seeking unspecified damages and asks for the suit to be certified as a class action. 
JPMorgan declined to comment. A spokesman for Deutsche Bank said: “We believe this claim lacks merit and will present our arguments in court."
Thousands of Amazon warehouse workers across about 40 countries plan to take part in protests and walkouts to coincide with Black Friday sales, one of the busiest days of the year for online shopping.
Employees in the UK, US, India, Japan, Australia, South Africa and across Europe are demanding better wages and working conditions as the cost-of-living crisis deepens, in a campaign dubbed "Make Amazon Pay". 
The campaign is being coordinated by an international coalition of trade unions, with the support of environmental and civil society groups.
In Britain, workers who are members of the GMB union have planned protests outside several warehouses, including Coventry.
"Amazon workers in Coventry are overworked, underpaid and they’ve had enough," said Amanda Gearing, a senior GMB organiser, adding that "hundreds" will assemble to demand a wage increase from £10.50 an hour to £15.
Transport Secretary Mark Harper said "there is a deal to be done" with rail unions after his meeting with RMT chief Mick Lynch.
Rail workers are due to go on strike in the run up to Christmas and in the New Year in their long-running dispute over pay. Mr Harper said: 
This morning I had a constructive meeting with Mick Lynch, where we had an open and honest conversation about the serious challenges facing the railways.
We have common ground – we both want the dispute to end and we both want a thriving railway which delivers for passengers and workers alike. 
To achieve this though, we need to work together, across the entire industry to ensure our railway industry thrives.
There is a deal to be done, and I believe we will get there – I want to facilitate the RMT and the employers to reach an agreement and end the dispute for the benefit of the travelling public.
The disgraced crypto tycoon Sam Bankman-Fried has confirmed he will speak at a New York Times event, sparking anger from those affected by the collapse of his FTX empire.
The former founder and chief executive of the crypto exchange, which filed for bankruptcy earlier this month, confirmed in a tweet his appearance at the summit next Wednesday.
FTX was the world’s second largest cryptocurrency exchange which just months ago was valued at $32bn (£26bn) before its collapse left around one million creditors out of pocket, including 80,000 in Britain.
Mr Bankman-Fried is expected to participate in the interview from the Bahamas, where he is currently located.
The move has drawn ire from commentators:
For years, the elite media has treated every successful tech startup as if it’s a fraud that needs to be exposed. But when the mother of all frauds actually comes along, they minimize and cover for it.
The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster has instructed government departments to stop installing security cameras made by companies subject to Chinese security laws, disconnect such devices from core computer networks and to consider removing them altogether.
The order, set out in a written statement to parliament by Cabinet Office minister Oliver Dowden, said the decision had been taken following a review of "current and future possible security risks associated with the installation of visual surveillance systems on the government estate".
Matt Hancock was infamously caught on one of the cameras in an embrace with his now girlfriend during Covid restrictions, prompting his resignation as Health Secretary after the footage was leaked. Mr Dowden said:
The review has concluded that, in light of the threat to the UK and the increasing capability and connectivity of these systems, additional controls are required.
Departments have therefore been instructed to cease deployment of such equipment onto sensitive sites, where it is produced by companies subject to the National Intelligence Law of the People’s Republic of China.
RMT general secretary Mick Lynch said Mark Harper had agreed to write to him with how he sees the union’s dispute with rail operators "going forward and taking forward steps towards a resolution".
However, strikes due to cause chaos for commuters in the run up to Christmas and in the New Year will still go ahead.
The Transport Secretary has also said he will "consider" setting up a liaison group at ministerial level so the industry and trade unions can speak with them about how a settlement can come about, Mr Lynch said.
He said their meeting was "positive" in the sense they had "got rid of the bellicose monsters that we used to have".
"We’re now starting to get a dialogue," he told reporters outside the Department for Transport. He added:
What we’ve chiefly asked him to do… you’ve heard him say that he’s going to be a facilitator towards a settlement or a resolution of the dispute.
And we’ve said to him that there’s no good having these warm words, we’ve heard them from his predecessor, Anne-Marie Trevelyan, but nothing actually happened. 
So we want him to set down in writing what he’s going to do about the mechanics of how a resolution will be facilitated.
Workers at brewers Greene King will go on strike in a row over pay.
Unite said 188 of its members based in Bury St Edmunds, Eastwood, Nottinghamshire, and Abingdon, Oxfordshire, will walk out for five days from December 5.
The workers brew and distribute Greene King’s products including IPA, Old Speckled Hen and Abbot Ale.
Unite said members voted for strike action after Greene King offered them a 3pc pay rise and a one-off payment of £650, which it described as a substantial real-terms wage cut because of inflation.
The European Commission is likely to approve next week Hungary’s post-pandemic recovery plan to keep open the possibility of EU disbursements later, but hold back any payouts until Budapest fulfils all agreed conditions.
Under the EU recovery scheme, Hungary could get €5.8bn euros (£5bn) in grants to spend on making the economy greener and more digital – cash Budapest badly needs amid surging inflation, slowing growth and rocketing borrowing costs.
Separately, the Commission is also likely to recommend next week that EU governments suspend 65pc of transfers from the EU budget to Hungary, or some €7.5bn (£6.4bn), until many of the same conditions as for the recovery fund cash are met, sources at the EU executive told Reuters.
Top Hungarian officials said they were confident EU money would start flowing to Hungary next year because the government was committed to meeting all EU requirements, including the one on judiciary, by March 31.
Investors appear unable to agree on the outlook for European markets after the European Central Bank published the minutes today from its most recent policy meeting.
The ECB minutes showed a "very large majority" of policy members supported the rate hike of 75 basis points that happened in October.
"The market’s main focus is on the pace of rate hikes going forward," said a note by strategists at Dutch banking group ING.
"The ECB still hiked rates by 75bp last month, but subtle tweaks to the wording of the press statement were already interpreted as a dovish sign."
Investors currently expect euro zone rates to top out around 2.8pc by the end of next summer.
Yet some strategists thought the ECB minutes were more hawkish:
Hawkish ECB minutes,yet no market reaction

This may be due to markets see the minutes as dated (pre-US CPI) or already trade the ECB recession pivot

Too soon to trade the pivot

Minutes: ECB to continue to tighten in a shallow recession. No hint on Dec hike size or APP roll-off
European natural gas prices have fallen by as much as 6.3pc as EU ministers try to resolve their differences on capping prices.
The European Commission had come up with a proposal to cap the price of gas this week after repeated calls from a large group of member states – even amid concerns from other quarters that the move could endanger supply. 
The proposed emergency brake level of €275 (£236) per megawatt-hour is well above current levels, raising the question if it will ever be used.
A decision has been delayed until mid-December, with a group of countries pushing to toughen the price-cap plan, according to two EU diplomats.  
Unseasonably mild weather over the past two months and the filling up of European storage sites had recently brought down prices from their summer peaks, although the risks of a disruption of supply during the peak winter season could drive prices higher.
Waitrose has pledged a £2.6m investment in its egg suppliers as it remains one of the few supermarkets not to impose purchase limits on customers.
Marks & Spencer and Morrisons are the latest grocers to join Tesco, Asda and Lidl in rationing the sale of boxes as the impacts of rising costs and bird flu continue to take their toll.
However Waitrose said it has no plans to introduce such limits, adding that it is confident it has "strong availability of British free-range eggs available for purchase both online and in our shops".
Sainsbury’s and the Co-op have also not introduced any limits, with Co-op saying it is continuing to monitor the situation.
Waitrose said its £2.6m investment will go directly to farmers to support them with soaring production costs such as energy and chicken feed.
European Union diplomats are optimistic they can reach a deal as early as today on a price cap level for Russian oil exports despite sharp splits over the plan.
Poland on Wednesday rejected the EU’s executive arm’s proposed price of $65 per barrel as being too soft on Moscow, while Greece, whose shipping industry transports lots of oil, does not want to go below $70.
Identifying the ideal price – high enough to keep Russia’s oil flowing and avoid price spikes, low enough to cut funding for Russia’s war in Ukraine – is the final high hurdle in a months’ long process in shaping the G7-led plan, which US officials have pushed. 
Ambassadors are scheduled for more talks this evening to continue their discussions, people familiar with the matter told Bloomberg. 
Major new European sanctions kick in on Dec 5, creating an urgency to get the price and other details buttoned down.
Oil prices are slightly down today, with Brent crude dipping 0.6pc to $84.89 and WTI crude worth $77.78 a barrel, down 0.2pc.
Black Friday could be more important for British retailers this year as they try to encourage shoppers to spend cash now before the cost-of-living crisis erodes their Christmas budgets.
Almost 70pc of British shoppers plan to participate in the discount event imported from the US, up from 57pc last year, according to McKinsey & Co.
Online searches for Black Friday sales have risen by a quarter since last year as customers look to save money, according to the Audit Lab, a data research firm. 
Sales in the week leading up to Black Friday have increased by a third compared to last year, according to Klarna, the buy-now-pay-later firm.
However, strikes by postal workers at the Royal Mail have raised concerns that retail sales could take a hit during the shopping event.
"Black Friday is going to be even more key in the shopping calendar," said Anita Balchandani, head of the UK consumer practice at McKinsey in London. 
"All of Christmas has been pulled forward."
Turkey’s central bank has bowed to pressure from President Recep Tayyip Erdogan to take interest rates into single digits by the end of the year despite the country’s runaway inflation.
The monetary policy committee led by Governor Sahap Kavcioglu today lowered the benchmark to 9pc from 10.5pc, although it said this was the end of the easing cycle. 
The lira was little changed after the decision, trading 0.1pc lower at 18.6309 to the dollar.
The MPC said in a statement that "the current policy rate is adequate and decided to end the rate-cut cycle that started in August".
The fourth straight cut underscores Turkey’s extreme outlier status as the world’s central banks tighten monetary policy to get a grip on inflation.
Turkey has done the opposite, guided by Mr Erdogan’s unconventional belief that lower rates have the power to cool inflation. 
Before the latest decision, the central bank had slashed its benchmark by 350 basis points since August despite price growth that has exceeded 85pc and will likely end the year as the second-highest in the G20 after Argentina.
Sir Dave Ramsden, the Bank of England’s deputy governor, said he was "not yet confident that domestically generated inflationary pressures from increased costs and firms’ pricing pressures are starting to ease", writes Szu Ping Chan.
He told a London conference he believed "further increases in the Bank rate" were needed to get inflation, which currently stands at 11.1pc back to the Bank’s 2pc target. 
"If the outlook suggests more persistent inflationary pressures then I will continue to vote to respond forcefully," he said.
Interest rates currently stand at 3pc. Investors believe rates will rise to 4.5pc by next Spring.
Sir Dave added that tax rises and spending cuts introduced by the Chancellor in the Autumn Statement were unlikely to materially change the Bank’s outlook because the bulk of the fiscal tightening will come into effect after 2025, outside its three year forecast horizon.
The Bank of England’s economic forecasts are too gloomy, according to its own deputy governor, who warned that Threadneedle Street may need to keep raising rates "forcefully" to keep a lid on price rises. 
Our economics editor Szu Ping Chan reports:
Sir Dave Ramsden noted that the Bank was much more pessimistic about the outlook for growth and inflation than other City forecasters.
He said big changes to the economy following the pandemic, including a notable decline in the size of Britain’s workforce, meant it could no longer rely on old economic models to predict the future.
Sir Dave added that while an uptick in the jobless rate from the current rate of 3.6pc was likely as the economy cools, he said he was "materially less confident" about the Bank’s prediction for around half a million more people out of work by the end of next year.
While Sir Dave said he was not "advocating ignoring the forecast" made by the Bank this month, he added that policymakers should be more "sensitive to errors" given the heightened uncertainty surrounding the economy.
Empty-nesters are being urged to consider a second career as cabin crew, as airlines try to shrug off the notion that the career is only for young jet setters and ease recruitment woes.
Hannah Boland has the details.
Budget airline easyJet has kicked off a new recruitment drive for adults over the age of 45 "to show a career as cabin crew is open to anyone with the right skills, regardless of age".
It is particularly targeting people whose children have left the home or are looking for a new career later in life, following a survey that suggested more than three quarters of empty-nesters were on the hunt for a new challenge.
EasyJet said it had already seen a rise in the number of older people applying to become flight attendants in recent years, leading to a 27pc increase in the number of cabin crew over the age of 45 since 2018 and a 30pc increase in those over 60 in the past year.
Read how the recruitment drive comes after major staff cuts in the industry.
An interesting one for commuters – a Nottinghamshire railway station has been named Britain’s least popular, with just 40 travellers using it in the last year.
Oliver Gill has the details:
Elton and Orston, which dates back to 1850, had two fewer visitors than Teesside Airport in Darlington, and four fewer than third place station Stanlow and Thornton in Cheshire, according to the list compiled by the Office of Rail and Road (ORR).
The unstaffed Nottinghamshire station was opened more than a century and a half ago by the Ambergate, Nottingham, Boston and Eastern Junction Railway. It is now operated by East Midlands Railway.
Located off the A52 trunk road in between two small villages that bear its name the station’s website warns that it "is served by a very sparse train service, currently only one train a day in each direction".
Read why winning the award of being Britain’s least favourite could well be the station’s saviour.
Brexit will deliver a huge boost for the UK’s commercial property sector, according to a prominent US real estate investment firm. 
The UK will be Europe’s best performing real estate market over the next five years because UK property yields are less vulnerable to rate increases than continental peers, according to a report published by AEW, which managed €87.8bn (£75.6bn) of property at the end of June. 
Properties in the UK have been trading at a discount compared with European peers since Brexit and that has created a buffer. 
The 2016 vote to leave the European Union prompted some international investors to pour more capital into other parts of Europe as the break by the UK from its biggest trading partner created uncertainty. 
That helped stoke red-hot demand for buildings in cities including Paris, Berlin and Milan that forced prices to record levels, with the help of cheap debt.
Those elevated prices and anemic returns now look less attractive as interest rates and government bond yields rise, meaning some parts of Europe are more exposed to a real estate correction.
Postal workers, teachers and university staff across Britain have gone strike today to demand better pay, with warnings that there will be more industrial action and widespread disruption in the run-up to Christmas.
More than 70,000 staff at British universities, teachers across Scotland and 115,000 Royal Mail postal workers have walked out amid a growing number of disputes as workers and businesses grapple with a cost of living crisis.
The general secretary of the University and College Union (UCU), Jo Grady, said the planned three-day walkouts were the "biggest strike action in the history of higher education" due to a dispute over a pensions, working conditions and pay.
Teachers across Scotland also began the first day of strikes in almost four decades after talks on a pay deal with the Scottish government and COSLA (the Convention of Scottish Local Authorities) broke down.
Royal Mail postal workers took to the picket lines to begin strike action for two days, coinciding with the annual Black Friday sales.
Levelling Up Secretary Michael Gove said there needed to be fruitful negotiations between employers and unions. He told the BBC:
My first thought is for those people who are affected by the strike action, people who, whether it’s disruption to the Royal Mail or to transport, find that their everyday lives are disrupted.
What I want to see is people able to go about their daily lives without disruption.
The rally in the pound which has taken it back about $1.20 for the first time since August has also put the UK stock market back on Europe’s top spot in dollar terms.
London’s markets lost the title 10 days ago to its French equivalent but now the UK’s total market cap is $2.9trn, about $63bn higher than France.
The pound is up 2.5pc over the last seven sessions against the dollar, although it is up just 0.7pc against the euro.
Also, luxury shares, which dominate the French market, have been stalling in the second half of this month amid mixed headlines about the reopening of China from Covid restrictions.
Changpeng Zhao said there would "probably" be some more crypto collapses as part of a "contagion" in the industry.
However, the Binance chief executive said he felt the crypto sector was safe long term as "each term there are cascading effects, the effects become smaller".
Regarding FTX, Mr Zhao said he blames himself "for tweeting that too late" after his tweets raising concerns about the financial credibility of the platform precipitated its collapse. 
Mr Zhao has faced criticism for asking questions about the liquidity of rival exchange Coinbase and digital currency investor Grayscale Investments in since deleted tweets.
He said:
I think as an industry we let FTX grow too big before we started questioning some of those things.
I’m taking the approach where we ask questions much earlier.
It does not mean any attacks on our industry peers. We just want to build more transparency and more scrutiny into the industry.
Having said that Coinbase has been operating 10 to 12 years. I am sure they have lots of audited financials but we don’t see that on the blockchain.
For people in the industry, we like to see data on the blockchain because it is the most transparent way to display information.
Crypto giant Binance is aiming to set up a roughly $1bn (£830m) fund for the potential purchase of distressed assets in the sector and will make another bid for bankrupt lender Voyager Digital, its chief executive has said.
Changpeng Zhao, known as CZ, said there would be a blog post about the fund soon and that his company has spoken to a number of industry players about it.
"If that’s not enough ($1bn) we can allocate more," Mr Zhao told Bloomberg Television.
"We are going with a loose approach where different industry players will contribute as they wish."
This year’s deep crypto rout has lopped about $80bn off Mr Zhao’s personal fortune but at $15bn it still far exceeds anyone else in crypto, according to the Bloomberg Billionaires Index. 
.@cz_binance featured on Bloomberg earlier today, to discuss the current crypto climate and upcoming plans to work with industry peers.

In case you missed, you can watch the full interview below ⤵️
His tweets highlighting concerns about the health of Sam Bankman-Fried’s rival FTX exchange and trading house Alameda Research precipitated their collapse, leaving 80,000 creditors in Britain out of pocket. 
Since then his exchange has been cementing its position as the world’s largest crypto trading platform following FTX’s chaotic slide into bankruptcy. 
Mr Zhao announced plans last week for an industry recovery fund to help strong projects facing a liquidity squeeze. 
The goal is to curb the contagion from FTX’s wipeout, he said, attempting to take on the role of crypto’s rescuer-in-chief.
Shares of Dr Martens tumbled after the bootmaker warned of weaker demand ahead of the busy Christmas season.
The domestically-focused FTSE 250 midcaps is up 0.1pc but shares of Dr Martens were the biggest faller, tumbling 17pc after it warned that its annual core profit margin would be lower than last year.
Although revenues surged 13pc to £418.6m in the six months to the end of September, this was slower than analysts had predicted.
Meanwhile, the FTSE 100 has slipped as the strength of the pound hurts the export-focused market.
The blue-chip FTSE 100 is down 0.1pc, with shares of Vodafone, Imperial Brands and National Grid sliding as they traded without entitlement for dividend payout.
Overall, trading volumes were light as US markets were closed on account of the Thanksgiving holiday.
Model maker Hornby suffered a 75pc increase in losses as it tried to avoid issues with its supply chain by bumping up stocks in its warehouse ahead of Christmas.
The company enjoyed a 3pc increase in revenues to £22.4m, although pre-tax losses climbed to £2.9m in the six months to the end of September.
Bosses said they have mitigated potential supply disruptions this Christmas "by bringing forward the shipping dates on key product lines, which are already available in our warehouse".
Executive chairman Lyndon Davies said:
Revenues have marginally increased in the first half of a difficult 2022/23 trading period. 
A year ago, sales in the second half were held back by supply chain disruption, but we are now in a stronger position, having taken strategic decisions to raise stocks to support sales and avoid shortages.
As we are heading into our key Christmas trading period it is hard to predict the outcome for the full year results, but we are well-placed, with our order book very strong and higher than it was a year ago.
The pound has continued its march against the dollar after the US Federal Reserve showed support for tapering interest-rate increases in its latest meeting minutes published overnight.
Sterling has increased 0.4pc this morning to reach close to 1.21, its highest level since August. 
Minutes from the Fed gathering earlier this month indicated several officials backed the need to moderate the pace of rate increases.
This adds weight to expectations the central bank will raise rates by 50 basis points next month, ending a run of jumbo 75 basis point increases. 
Apple’s major supplier Foxconn has reportedly offered staff $1,400 (£1,158) to quit after riots at one of its factories in China.
The company apologised to workers after it was rocked by fresh labour unrest, with hundreds of workers smashing equipment and clashing with hazmat-clad police over pay and living conditions.
Some workers complained they were forced to share dormitories with colleagues who had tested positive for coronavirus. 
Others claimed their bonuses had been cut from 3,000 yuan (£347) to 30 yuan (£35), according to AFP. 
The Taiwanese company said a "technical error" had occurred when hiring new recruits the Covid-hit iPhone factory and it would respect the wishes of new recruits who wanted to resign and leave the factory campus.
It would offer them "care subsidies" worth 10,000 yuan (£1,158) per worker, according to Bloomberg.
The internationally-focused FTSE 100 has inched up 0.1pc at the open to 7,467.38.
The FTSE 250, which is more geared towards the domestic market, is also up 0.1pc to 19,574.72.
Holiday firm Jet2 has said full-year earnings will be better than expected after swinging to a first half profit, despite a hit of more than £50m from airport chaos.
But it cautioned that profit margins may come under pressure given soaring costs, including for fuel and staff wages, as well as from the weaker pound.
Jet2 reported pre-tax profits of £450.7m for the six months to the end of September, against losses of £205.8m a year ago.
It said profits before currency changes stood at £505m against losses of £195.1m.
The company said it was a "difficult return to normal operations", with the costs of disruption at airports and staff shortages leaving it with delay and compensation costs of more than £50m in the first half.
Jet2 added: "With winter 2022/23 bookings encouraging and pricing remaining robust, but recognising that the important post-Christmas booking period is still to come, we are presently on track to exceed current average market expectations for group profit before FX revaluation and taxation for the year ending 31 March 2023."
After revealing higher sales, Thierry Garnier, chief executive of B&Q owner Kingfisher, said: 
Our sales trends continued to be resilient, with like-for-like sales 15.3pc ahead of pre-pandemic levels in the quarter.
This was supported by continued market share growth, including strong gains at Screwfix, TradePoint and Castorama Poland.
While the market backdrop remains challenging, DIY sales continue to be supported by new industry trends such as more working from home and a clear step-up in customer investment in energy saving and efficiency.
DIFM (Do it For Me) and trade activity also continues to be well supported by robust pipelines for home improvement work.
B&Q parent firm Kingfisher has revealed higher sales over the past quarter as the DIY market was boosted by customers seeking to improve energy efficiency and the continued shift towards home working.
The company, which also owns Screwfix, revealed that total sales grew by 0.6pc to £3.26bn over the three months to October 31, compared with the same period last year.
Like-for-like sales were 0.2pc higher for the quarter.
Kingfisher added that it has seen a "good start" to trading in the new quarter, with like-for-like sales growth of 2.8pc over the three weeks to November 19.
The Government will have to pay nearly 21pc more towards the average household energy bill from the start of next year after regulators lifted the energy price cap.
The move does not affect household energy bills, which have been limited to an average of £2,500 from the Government’s energy price guarantee.
However, the increase in the price cap set by Ofgem has increased the cost to the Government, as this would have been the ceiling at which energy companies could charge households for their services.
Today, Ofgem raised the price cap from £3,549 to £4,279 from January, which leaves the Chancellor needing to pay an extra £730 on average per household to cover the cost of supplying gas and electricity to Britain’s homes.
It means the Treasury would need to fork out another £1,779 on average per home for the year to pay for the energy costs of Britain’s nearly 28m households.
The increase will cost taxpayers £42bn over 18 months, according to analysts Cornwall Insight.
Experts at energy consultancy Auxilione estimate the new cap will cost the Government around £15.1bn to subsidise household bills between January and March.
However, the Government has limited its bill should the cap rise again in Ofgem’s next announcement in February.
Jeremy Hunt announced in his Autumn Statement that the energy price guarantee will rise from £2,500 to an average £3,000 a year from April 1 until the end of March 2024.
1) Households must slash energy use to defeat Putin, says Hunt – Britain must cut energy usage by 15pc to defeat Vladimir Putin, Jeremy Hunt has said as the country scrambles to head off potential disruption this winter.
2) Sunak abandons plans to overrule City regulators after Bank of England backlash – Rishi Sunak has abandoned plans to give ministers the power to overrule City regulators in a major climbdown by the Prime Minister.
3) As Silicon Valley swings the axe, Ireland counts the cost of its tech addiction – When Google’s executives landed at Dublin Airport two decades ago on a scouting trip for a potential European head office, they were ferried by Irish government officials to the city’s down-at-heel docklands.
4) Middle-class outcry over wholemeal flour in ‘white’ sourdough – Ocado shoppers are up in arms after an upmarket sourdough overhauled white loaf recipe to include wholemeal flour, prompting the bakery behind it to deny cost cutting prompted by the war in Ukraine.
5) Rishi Sunak faces backbench rebellion over wind turbines amid energy crisis – Rishi Sunak is facing a rebellion from his MPs over onshore wind amid efforts to beat the energy crisis. Simon Clarke, the MP for Middlesbrough South and East Cleveland, has tabled a legislative amendment aimed at relaxing planning rules so turbines can get built more easily if communities want them.
In the US, minutes from the Federal Reserve meeting at which officials raised rates by 0.75 percentage points for the fourth consecutive time suggested support for a slower pace of rate rises.
Central bank officials are seeking to stamp out inflation around the world.  
Shares in the US closed higher as a result, with The S&P 500 up 0.6pc, while the Dow Jones Industrial Average gained 0.3pc. The Nasdaq composite closed 1pc higher.
Bond yields declined. The yield on the 10-year benchmark US government debt, which influences mortgage rates, slipped to 3.69pc from 3.76pc.
Crude prices fell 3.7pc, which depressed energy stocks. US homebuilders rallied after a report showed that the housing market was healthier than previously thought.
Meanwhile, Asian shares were up on Thursday, buoyed by signals the US Federal Reserve may slow the pace of interest rate hikes and news of fresh economic stimulus from China.
MSCI’s broadest index of Asia-Pacific shares outside Japan climbed 0.8pc in early trade, boosted by a 0.6pc gain in South Korean shares, a 0.5pc increase in China’s bluechips and a 0.9pc jump in Hong Kong’s Hang Seng index
Japan’s Nikkei rose 1.3pc, S&P 500 futures gained 0.2pc and Nasdaq futures inched up 0.3pc.
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